One source of historical information about Chemung County, New York is Towner's History, a document written about 1880 which documented
the families in the county, their children and general information about them.
Mathew's Scottish origin was infured in Towner's History through the use of a scottish form of the McConnell name; MacConel. Entries
in Towner's History for Mathew the younger, his son John, his son Daniel and his son Augustus all use the "MacConel" surname.
The Scottish origin of Mathew McConnel was also directly addressed in "Towner's History" within an entry for Matthew the younger's son Joseph. The entry in full reads:
"JOSEPH McCONNELL came to the Town of Elmira (now Town of Horseheads), Chemung County, New York, being one of the first settlers. He erected a
log cabin southwest of the present village. The family was of Scotch origin."
Scotland is divided into 3 areas, the Highlands, the Lowlands and the Southern Uplands. The Highlands is the Northern part of Scotland and comprise 60% of the land.
The lowlands is the central portion between the Firth of Clyde and Edinburgh. Seventy percent of the population live in the Lowlands in the three major cities; Edinburgh, Glasgow and Dundee.
The Southern Uplands is the hilly area adjacent to England. The border between England and Scotland is roughly at Adrian's Wall.
Called Caledonia by the Romans, England and Scotland battled for centuries before agreeing to a permanent union in the "Act of Union" of 1707. The United Kingdom is comprised of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.